Case Study #2: Dependent on Social Security - Spidell

Case Study #2: Dependent on Social Security

Omar is single and claims his 80-year-old mother as a dependent on his 2019 return. His AGI is $87,000. His mother lives in a nursing home, and in 2019 she had $11,000 of Social Security benefit income.

Omar will receive an economic impact payment of $600. His payment was reduced due to his income in excess of the threshold amount of $75,000 for single (the payment is decreased $5 for every $100 over the threshold).

Further, he doesn’t get a payment for claiming his mother as a dependent because she’s older than age 17. Taxpayers without a filing requirement receive their economic impact payment based on their current Form 1099-SSA or Form 1099-RRB. But Omar’s mother is not eligible to receive an economic impact payment because she is Omar’s dependent.

Unanswered question: However, we don’t know if the IRS will cross check the  Social Security Administration’s Social Security numbers with returns on file to see if individuals were claimed as a dependent before sending the checks to SSA and Railroad Retirement Act (RRA) recipients. If the IRS sends a check to Omar’s mother, we don’t know whether they will ask for it to be returned.

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